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In this context, they pledged to put in place a temporary set of rules for self-decision, in accordance with the majority agreement. Pilgrims had initially hoped to reach America in early October with two ships, but delays and complications meant they could use only one, the Mayflower. Their destination was the colony of Virginia, the trip being financed by the Company of Merchant Adventurers of London. But the storms forced them to anchor themselves to the hook of Cape Cod in Massachusetts, as it was unwise to continue with meagre stocks. This inspired some of the non-puritan passengers (whom the Puritans called the “Strangers”) to announce that they would “use their own freedom; because no one had the power to take them,” because they would not settle in the agreed territory of Virginia. [5] To avoid this, the pilgrims decided to form their own government, while confirming their loyalty to the crown of England. Thus, the Mayflower Pact was based both on a majority model and on the fidelity of the settlers to the king. It was essentially a social contract in which the settlers declared themselves ready to respect the rules and community regulations for order and survival. [6] Mayflower Compact: 1620.

The Avalon project. Mayflower Compact: A Foundation for Our Constitution. ACLJ. From William Bradford`s Plymouth Plantation. HistoryofMassachusetts.org.The Plymouth Colony Archive Project. The Mayflower Compact. Foundation for Constitutional Rights. The Mayflower Compact (originally “Agreement between the settlers of New Plymouth” of November 11, 1620 says in part: The Mayflower Compact was signed on board the ship on November 21, 1620. [1] The Mayflower was anchored at Provincetown Harbor, at the northern tip of Cape Cod. [4] As a witness, we have our names on November 11 at Cape Cod, the year of the reign of our sovereign Lord James, of England, France and Ireland, eighteenth, and of Scotland of the fifty-fourth, 1620. IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We, whose names are signed, the faithful subjects of our sovereign Lord James, by the grace of God, Great Britain, France and Ireland, king, defender of the faith, C.

After undertaking the glory of God and the promotion of the Christian faith and the honor of our king and our country, a journey to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia; Made by these gifts, solemn and reciprocal, in the presence of God and each other, covenant and unite us to a political civil body, for our best order and conservation, and the promotion of the extremities said above: And by virtue, act, constitution and frame, these just and equal laws, ordinances, deeds, constitutions, constitutions and ministries , from time to time, as most meet and are comfortable for the general of the colony; to whom we all promise the submission and obedience it deserves. At WITNESS, what do we have our names in Cape Cod on 11 November, in the reign of our sovereign Lord James, England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and Scotland on the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini; 1620.[14] When the settlers agreed to collaborate, the hard work of founding the colony began. On November 21, 1620, they elected John Carver governor. John Carver survived the harsh winter of 1620, but died in April 1621, and the settlers chose William Bradford to replace him.