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Recalling in particular that it approved, in resolution 33/16, the recommendation of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space that, at its eighteenth session, the Legal Subcommittee should pursue its efforts as a priority to complete the draft treaty on the Moon, 2. The Moon is not subject to any national appropriation by a right to sovereignty, by use or occupation, or by any other means. With the exception of Articles 17 to 21, the references made in this agreement are understood to be applicable to any international intergovernmental organization that conducts space activities where the Organization states that it accepts the rights and obligations under this Agreement and that the majority of States Parties to the Organization are States Parties to this Convention and the Treaty on the Principles governing the activity of States in the exploration and use of space, including the Moon and other celestial entities. The Member States of such an organization parties to this agreement take all appropriate measures to ensure that the Organization makes a statement in accordance with the above. 3. States Parties may not place objects carrying nuclear weapons or other types of weapons of mass destruction in or around the Moon, or use them on the Moon, or use them. 1. States Parties inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations as well as the public and the international scientific community, where possible and where possible, of their research and use of the Moon. For each mission to the Moon, information on time, purposes, locations, orbital parameters and duration must be provided as soon as possible after the mission is launched, whereas once the mission is complete, information on the results of each mission, including scientific results, must be provided. In the case of a multi-60-day mission, information on the implementation of the mission, including any scientific results, is communicated at regular 30-day intervals. For missions longer than six months, only significant additions to this information must be notified later.

The current inaccuracy of the agreement has given rise to various interpretations[20] [22] and is cited as the main reason why it has not been ratified by most parties. [22] [23] The agreement was ratified by a small number of countries, which was described as a failure [19] and without success. [6] Only one country (India) with independent space capabilities has signed (but has not ratified) the treaty. An expert in space and economics believes that the treaty should provide appropriate provisions against any company that acquires a monopoly position in the global mineral market, while avoiding the “socialization of the Moon”. [24] Another expert praised the treaty as a sprouting legal framework for the development of necessary laws and not as a set of detailed laws. [25] The 1979 lunar agreement was reviewed and developed by the Legal Subcommittee from 1972 to 1979. The agreement was adopted in 1979 by the General Assembly in resolution 34/68. It was not until June 1984 that the fifth country, Austria, ratified the agreement, allowing it to enter into force in July 1984. 1.

States Parties take all feasible measures to protect the lives and health of people living on the moon.