Empty agreements are agreements that are not enforced by the courts. Section 2 (g) of the Indian Contract Act defines an inconclusive agreement as “an agreement that is not legally applicable.” Therefore, in the event of an inconclusive agreement, there is no recourse to the contracting parties. Indian law is very strict on this point. It invalidated many agreements in this environment, when they could have been authorized by the English common law. English law has weakened from time to time as trade conditions have changed. Until some time ago, it considered the agreements to be valid in a total trade restriction, but in the Nordfalt V. Maxim Guns Co. it was decided in 1894 that if the deference is reasonable, it should be permitted and the agreement should not be annulled if the mores against public order. Thus, Indian courts have not been allowed to consider the level of adequacy or deference. Empty agreements are due to non-compliance with one or more conditions under Section 10 of the Indian Contracts Act.
In this section, it is said that all agreements are contracts if they are concluded with the inoperative agreement of the parties in accordance with the treaty, against a legal consideration and for a legitimate purpose and are not expressly annulled hereafter. It is clear from the foregoing that failure by either party to breach one of these conditions has nullified an agreement. These conditions are:- The Lowe v. case. Peers set a precedent in the Marriage Limitation Act. In this case, the accused stated that if he married someone other than the complainant, he would give him 1000 pounds within three months of his marriage. It was decided that such an agreement was a null and void. 5. The agreement that was not struck down by the Indian Contract Act by sections 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 and 56 is not added to the indian Contract Act list; Impossibility from the outset, i.e. at the time of the contract.
Agreements based on acts that cannot be carried out are nullified because the law does not recognize impossible acts. Some agreements are only harmful to society. You are against public order. Some of these agreements are agreements limiting marital, commercial or judicial procedures. These agreements are expressly nullified in India`s Contracts Act in Sections 26, 27 and 28 respectively. Section 27 of the Indian Contract Act declares all agreements in trade restrictions, not entered into by tanto, with the only exception is the sale of goodwill. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that these agreements are non-abundant and not illegal. In other words, these agreements are not illegal, they are simply not enforceable in court if one of the parties does not fulfill its part of the agreement. Unlike the common law, partial agreements to restrict trade or enforce the contract law are also not valid.
(c) The commitment was to do something personal and the promisor dies or is handicapped by illness or misadventure. Such cases are generally seen in practice in practice. The contract must be fulfilled only by the seller and not by his representative or by a third party, as the performance of the contract is based on personal abilities or qualities.