For investigations into disputes between foreign investors and host countries, see the Law Library`s Guide to International Investment Law. For research on cross-border commercial disputes between private parties, see the Law Library`s Guide to International Commercial Arbitration. The North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico came into force on January 1, 1994 and created the world`s largest post-GDP free trade region. Until 2014, NAFTA`s GDP was estimated at more than $20 trillion, with a market of 474 million people.   Based on this success, Canada continues to negotiate free trade agreements with more than 40 countries and has free trade agreements, most recently with South Korea, Canada`s first free trade agreement with an Asia-Pacific partner. Since 2018, Canada has also concluded two other important multilateral trade agreements: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union and the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) agreement with 10 other Pacific countries.  On September 21, 2017, CETA was provisionally implemented, immediately removing 98% of the EU`s customs positions on Canadian products.  Canada is currently the only G7 country to have free trade agreements with all other G7 countries. Free trade with the last G7 country, Japan, began with the entry into force of the CPTPP on 30 December 2018. Canada is currently conducting exploratory discussions on bilateral or multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs, although formal negotiations have not yet begun: Canada is currently engaged in various bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with countries around the world.
Canada`s current free trade agreements include: the growth of international trade has led to a complex and increasingly important fundamental law, including international treaties and agreements, national legislation and trade dispute settlement jurisprudence. This research guide focuses primarily on the multilateral trading system managed by the World Trade Organization. It also contains information on regional and bilateral trade agreements, including those involving the United States. The Canadian Tribunal for International Trade (CITT) is the leading quasi-judicial institution in Canada`s trade assistance system. The CITT has the authority to investigate complaints about purchases covered by trade agreements. For more information, see: Canada has many types of agreements and initiatives with foreign countries. Canada negotiates bilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs: COVID-19 has an impact on international travel, including business travel under free trade agreements such as NAFTA, CETA and CPTPP. For more information, visit the relevant immigration services of Canada`s trading partners. Memorandums of understanding, air agreements and more. For more information on how the purchasing rules for a number of trade agreements can affect a particular contract or purchase transaction, please see the following resources: Discover new ways to increase your international footprint. Canada`s broad (and growing) commercial network provides Canadian businesses with preferential access to various markets around the world.
This page examines Canada`s Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (FIPA), multilateral agreements and World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. Note: The texts of the treaty on this page are exclusively for information; the official texts of the treaties are published in the “Treaty of Canada” series. Assessing the environmental impact of trade agreements, including the framework and process. After its full implementation, the CPTPP will form a trading bloc representing 495 million consumers, and 99% of tariff lines will be tariff-free between the parties.